Depigmenting creams: what they are and how to use them
The appearance of spots on the skin is an aesthetic problem that is bothersome for most people. Fortunately, the application of depigmenting creams helps to reduce it markedly. Do you want to know more about it?
The appearance of spots on the skin is one of the most feared aesthetic problems among people. Unfortunately, sun exposure, age, hormonal imbalances and many other factors increase the risk of suffering from them. Due to this, more and more people choose to use depigmenting creams.
These types of products have components that help attenuate skin hyperpigmentation, making the skin look more even and youthful. However, for them to give good results, it is important to know how to apply them properly. Therefore, today we want to tell you how to use them.
What are depigmenting creams?
Depigmenting creams are cosmetic products that help reduce or eliminate spots that appear on the skin. Its active components have the ability to obstruct melanin in the affected areas and, in turn, stimulate hydration and cell regeneration.
According to a publication in the NHS Foundation Trust , they may contain a combination of various medications, including hydroquinone, retinoids, and corticosteroids. Each of these substances has different actions on the skin. Let’s see in detail:
- Hydroquinone or monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone: it is a substance that helps to inhibit the overproduction of melanocytes – pigment cells.
- Retinoids: like tretinoin and retinoic acid , which help stimulate the regeneration of skin cells. In addition, they facilitate the penetration of hydroquinone into the skin.
- Corticosteroids: have the ability to decrease and prevent inflammation of the skin. The most common example is hydrocortisone.
In addition to the substances already mentioned, depigmenting creams can contain vitamin C, kojic acid, adapalene gel – which is also a retinoid – or azelaic acid. Some even contain plant extracts such as bearberry, arbutin, licorice, chamomile or mulberry.
How to use the depigmenting creams?
First of all, it is important to note that depigmenting creams do not have instant effects. In fact, in general, treating skin blemishes is a challenge that takes time. Ideally, consult a dermatologist to learn about all the options available for your treatment.
A determining factor to obtain good results with this type of products is to be consistent with their application. Therefore, it is essential to know that the effects begin to be noticeable between 6 and 12 months after the first use. Also, the ideal is to use them once or twice a day.
How to use
- To start, apply a thin layer of the depigmenting cream to the stain . As we have said, this application should be repeated up to twice a day, as indicated by the dermatologist.
- Before and after using the product, it is important to wash your hands well and avoid skin-to-skin contact with other people for at least an hour after application.
- Its use in areas close to the eyes or around the eyelid area should be avoided . Specific products are available for these types of areas.
- Nor is its application recommended if the skin has scratches, burns or rashes.
Sunscreen: the ideal complement
When it comes to preventing and treating skin blemishes, there is a product that cannot be missed: sunscreen. According to information from the American Academy of Dermatology , applying sunscreen is essential, even when it rains or snows outdoors.
So, ideally, choose a formula that offers SPF 30 or higher. Also, it is good that it contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. If you have oily skin, “non-comedogenic” alternatives can help prevent blockages or breakouts.
Are there risks to using depigmenting creams?
Depending on the formula, depigmenting creams can cause photosensitivity. Therefore, its use should be reserved exclusively for the night. Side effects that have been reported regarding its use include mild skin irritation and allergic reactions such as burning, itching, and dermatitis.
In case of presenting these symptoms, its use should be stopped immediately and the dermatologist should be consulted. Entities such as the American Academy of Dermatology also warn that there are creams that contain mercury and other ingredients that are harmful to the skin. Therefore, when choosing them, it is better to opt for those that are dermatologically approved.